Smile Child Development Centre

DOWN SYNDROME

Down syndrome (Trisomy 21) is a disorder in which a person has an extra 21st chromosome. One in every eight hundred children has Down syndrome. Children with Down syndrome experience delays in physical and intellectual development. Their average height is often less than other children of their age. They might have a lower than average thinking ability, poor muscle tone, and joint weakness.

CEREBRAL PALSY (CP)

Speak with your child in an unhurried way, pausing frequently. At the same time, try not to sound unnatural. Wait a few seconds after your child finishes speaking before you begin to speak. Your own slow, relaxed speech will be far more effective than any criticism or advice such as “slow down” or “try it again slowly.” Such simplistic advice can be felt as demeaning and is not helpful.

AUTISM

Autism is a developmental disability that affects communication, social interaction, and play skills. Autism affects about 1 in 88 people and it occurs approximately four times more in boys than in girls. It affects brain function and should be diagnosed by a medical professional. Although every child with autism is different, children with autism will usually have:

ADHD

ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyper Activity Disorder) refers to hyperactivity or lack of concentration. This is found in 5 to 12% of children. With this illness, children are unable to focus on anything, and they face many problems at home, at school and in the community. Such children wrongly continue to receive punishment from parents and teachers.

HELPING A CHILD WHO STUTTERS

Speak with your child in an unhurried way, pausing frequently. At the same time, try not to sound unnatural. Wait a few seconds after your child finishes speaking before you begin to speak. Your own slow, relaxed speech will be far more effective than any criticism or advice such as “slow down” or “try it again slowly.” Such simplistic advice can be felt as demeaning and is not helpful.

LEARNING DISABILITIES (DYSLEXIA)

Problems with speaking, reading, writing, spelling and doing maths could be caused by Learning Disabilities (LD). LD can affect school performance even in children with normal or even above-average intelligence. However, with the right approach and support children with LD can easily cope, even excel in school.